Flower horn fish is a marvelous pet fish, highly loved for its magnificent appearance with a mesmerizing protruding Kok in the head, and its friendly behavior with people. Flowerhorn fishes are considered Vastu fish in India. Let’s see more about Flowerhorn fish.
History of Flower Horn
Flower horn Fishes are man-made hybrid fishes, which have close relatedness to the hybrid red parrotfish and few other cichlids. Initially, Flowerhorns were called Luohans, but the detailed history of this fish is still unclear as they were not documented properly.
The size up to which the flowerhorn grows can vary depending on its genetic. Most Flowerhorns can grow up to 10 – 12 inches.
Types of Flowerhorn Fish
- Kamfa Flowerhorn
- Zhen Zhu Flowerhorn
- Golden Monkey FlowerHorn
- Golden Base Fader Flowerhorn
- Magma Flowerhorn
- Thai Silk Flowerhorn
As said earlier, Flowerhorns are man-made hybrid fishes. They were developed by cross-breeding several cichlids together. Flowerhorns are in hundreds of varieties with different sizes, shapes, and color, however they all are collectively grouped into one as flowerhorn species. Let’s look at some predominant flower types,
1. Kamfa Flowerhorn
They possess a square-shaped body and round-shaped lips and these two parameters are helpful in telling a Kamfa flowerhorn. They have a strong and straight tail and strong wrapped fins. Kamfas have yellow or white eyes. Some modern kamfas today come in red eyes too. The color of its eyes can imply its fertility. Kamfas with white eyes is often infertile, meaning they can’t reproduce and kamfas with yellow or red eyes have higher chances to reproduce.
2. Zhen Zhu Flowerhorn
Unlike Kamfa, Zhen Zhu poses a long tapered body, and sharp-pointed mouth to show its identity and have a weak floppy tails.
3. Golden Monkey Flowerhorn
The Golden monkey is one expensive variety of flowerhorns with beautiful strains of pearls all over its body. They are very vibrant with beautiful colors. As the name suggests, it’s face does have the slight resemblance of a monkey’s face.
4. Golden Base Fader Flowerhorn
While the fish at the babyhood, it’s color fades out and turn black. When It grows older, It regains its lost glory and bounces back to brilliant and vibrant colours.
5. Magma Flowerhorn
Magma Flowerhorn Fish posses a long body with a pointed mouth. The presence of Intense Red-colored pearl spreads over the body helps to identify the magma Flowerhorn. Magmas can grow up to 12 inches.
6. Thai silk Flowerhorn
Thai silk flowerhorn also known as a titanium flowerhorn is a new strain. The fish completely look metallic with golden spread over its entire body.
Flowerhorn Fishes are semi-aggressive fishes, they tend to be over-aggressive when they are stressed, and also when a new fish is introduced to the tank. So flowerhorns can’t be kept together with small fishes as they try to may hurt or eat them. Some Flowerhorns can Peacefully live with other fishes but it entirely depends on the individual character of the Flowerhorn. You should also consider the fact, Flowerhorns are carnivores too.
Tank Requirements for Flowerhorn
Flower horn Fishes usually possess territorial behavior, they cannot peacefully coexist with other fishes. To house a single Flowerhorn fish, minimum a tank size of 70- 80 gallons is recommended, and double in the size may be preferred to house two flowerhorn fishes. The main advantages of choosing a large tank are it provides more space and delays the oxygen depletion in the tank by diluting the waste.
For tanks lesser than 70 gallons sponge filter and hang on filters are sufficient and for over 70 gallons and more, canister filters are the best option as it can efficiently handle the filtration in tanks of such large capacity.
If you live in colder regions, heaters are more helpful in maintaining the optimum water temperature in the tank. Like any tropical fishes, Flowerhorn can do well in the atmospheric temperature that ranges between 20- 30°c
Lightings are mainly used in the flowerhorn tank to enhance the flowerhorn’s natural color during the night time or low light conditions.
Flowerhorns are hardy fishes, they can adapt well to any water conditions yet ideal water PH level should be 7.5 – 8.0. The tank water should be changed once in a month because keeping the water unchanged for a longer time will affect the water quality and deplete the oxygen content in the tank even while the filtration is in place.
Diet of Flower horn
Flowerhorns are big eaters, thanks to their size. They can adjust with all types of foods, be it live foods, or food pellets. Flowerhorn fishes are omnivores, You can feed them live fishes, bloodworms, crickets, shrimps, and other worms. It is also important to include more protein in their diet. Feed twice or three in a day to allow the fish to eat everything within 5 – 7 minutes. Leftover foods can very much pollute the tank.
When it comes to buying food for your Flowernhorn, Make sure the food contains quality ingredients with ample protein, vitamins, and other nutrients and make sure the food not contain more chemicals that can degrade the Flowerhorn health.
Flowerhorns are pretty hardy fish, they are less susceptible to many diseases. So it is the best fish for beginners in aquarium keeping. But a few things that need to paid attention are 1. keeping the water quality in good condition and 2. Feed not excessive food.
Breeding flowerhorns today are nearly impossible, as most male fishes are naturally impotent. It is a very difficult task to find a potent male for breeding. Artificial breeding methods such as using hands are used to carry out breeding in flowerhorns. Natural Breeding can also happen in obvious situations when potent males are introduced to the sexually matured female flowerhorn.
Flowerhorn Fish Price in India
A small Size Flowerhorn Fish in India can cost between 250 to 1000 INR while large and medium fishes can cost above 4000 and some exotic varieties are too much costly.